Voided Long Cross Coinage


Henry III, 1247-72


By the middle part of Henry III's reign the coinage was in need of renewal, with many of the earlier produced coins being worn and clipped. In 1247 this new coinage was issued. The voided cross that was present on the reverse of the Short Cross issue was now extended to the edge of the coin to prevent clipping. Many provincial mints were opened for the production of this coinage, but closed again in 1250, with only the mints of London, Canterbury, Durham and Bury St Edmunds remaining open.

In 1257, a gold “Penny” with a value of 20 pence was issued following the introduction of gold coinage in some Italian states. This coinage was not a success and few of these coins survive.

Cut halfpennies and farthings are common for this period.

As with the Short Cross coinage, a table of mints, moneyers and the classes they produced can be found in the Spink Standard Catalogue of British Coins, which is a very useful guide for this issue.


Things to look out for


Sceptre: If the coin has no sceptre on the obverse, it is class I – IIIc. If the coin has a sceptre then it will be class IV – VII (Classes VI and VII are Edward I).


Legend: Most coins of the Voided Long Cross (VLC) read hENRICVS REX III on the obverse, with a mint and moneyer on the reverse. However, some of the earlier classes have different legends, which are given in the descriptions below.

The position of the legend is also important as for all coins up to class Ivb the legend begins at the “12 o'clock” position, whereas for coins of class V onwards the legend begins at “10 o'clock”.


Shape of the letter R: For some classes of the VLC coinage the letter R is a slightly different shape, and the descriptions below tell you which classes have the differently shaped letters.


Shape of the letter X: In a similar way to the letter R, some classes have a  differently shaped letter X.


Shape of the eyes: Some classes of coin have differently shaped eyes. Again, this is given in the descriptions.


Crown: The style of the crown may be different for some classes, and this is also discussed in the descriptions.



Without Sceptre


Class I


Ia:

Spink 1358: “hENRICVS: REX. Reverse: ANGLIE TERCI”























Ib:

Spink 1359: “hENRICVS REX. ANG. Reverse: LIE TERCI LON (London), CAN (Canterbury) or AED (Bury St Edmunds).”

























Spink 1360: “Class 1 / 2 Mule”.

Class II


Spink 1361: “hENRICVS REX TERCI. Reverse: Moneyer and mint.”

























Class III


IIIa:

Spink 1362: “hENRICVS REX III, thin face as class 2.”
























IIIb:

Spink 1363: “Smaller, rounder face.”
























IIIc

Spink 1364: “Face with pointed chin, neck indicated by two lines, often a pellet between curls, usually REX: III.”

























With Sceptre


Class IV


IVa:

Spink 1365: “Similar to last, but with sceptre.”
























IVb:

Spink 1366: “Similar, but new crown with half fleurs and large central fleur.”
























Class V


Va:

Spink 1367: “With class 4 bust, crown as 4a or 4b, round eyes, from now on legend begins at 10 o'clock.”



























Vb:

Spink 1368: “Narrower face, wedge-tailed R, round eyes.”


























Vc:

Spink 1369: “Shorter, broader face with almond-shaped eyes.”

























Vd:

Spink 1370: “Portrait of quite different style; new crown with true shaped fleur.”
























Ve:

Spink 1371: “Similar, with jewelled or beaded crown.”
























Vf:

Spink 1372: “New style larger face, double-banded crown.”


























Vg:

Spink 1373: “Single band to crown, low central fleur, curule chair shaped X.”
























Vh:

Spink 1374: “Crude copy of 5g, with pellets in lieu of fleur.”
























Vi:

Spink 1375: “Similar to last, but triple line of pellets for beard.”






























Gold Penny


Spink 1376

King crowned, seated on throne holding an orb in his left hand and a sceptre in his right hand. Reverse: Voided long cross with a 5 petalled flower and 3 pellets in each angle. Mint/Moneyer: WILLEM ON LVND.



























Edward I, Long Cross coinage 1272-79


Introduced in 1272, Edward I's voided long cross coinage bore the name hENRICVS and was minted until 1279, when the new coinage was introduced.

As with Henry III, a table of mints and moneyers can be found in the Spink Standard Catalogue.


Class VI

Spink 1377: “Crude face with new realistic curls, E and N ligate.”



























Class VII

Spink 1378: “Similar, but of improved style,usually with Lombardic U.”



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